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The untold real story of Jamatia rebellion in Tripura

‘Tripurar adibasi’ is a book which was published in the year of 2009 at agartala book fare. There are 17 chapters regarding Tripura ingenuous tribe with different author. Though in Tripura there is a 19 indigenous tribe. The untold story of Jamatia rebellion is a subtopic from chapter 3 which is written by late Nagendra Jamatia. This book is written in Bengali language. In this book he wrote about Jamatia culture, tradition, rule and regulation, community and real story etc. He was born in the year of 1947, 22 may in village tota bari which was situated in Gomati district, Tripura. He was completed his graduation from M.B.B college. He was the minister in charge of the agriculture department of the state.

Picture of Late Nagendra Jamatia

Once upon a time in kingdom ruled Tripura under the leadership of Parikshit Jamatia two

rebellions took place in 1849 AD and 1863 AD which was recorded in history. The 1849

rebellion was limited to small area as compare to 1863 AD. The incident of 1863 took place on a much wider scale and its consequences were also much more extensive and widespread. The original source of the incident was a simple phenomenon. But due to the conspiracy of the royal officials, it became the cause of a huge disaster. Captain Nagendra Debbarma gave specific information about the incident that Wakhirai thakur used to travel from one village to another village and one day he reached under sostik Jamatia area to collect taxes according titun custom (collection of money or something to govern the Princely state/country well, Titun custom is a customs where people can donate taxes as per their abilities and capabilities but the employee of the kings did unjust torture and force to the villagers) by riding on a vehicle made by the youth of the village. At such a time, when the youths of the Jamatia came to know about his wife’s defecation, they objected to carry. The royal employee (rajkormochari) felt insulted by this. He returned to the capital enraged and complained to the king that the Jamatia had rebelled against the king. He spread various colors and complained to the king.

Picture of Maharaja Birchandra Manikya

Maharaja Birchandra Manikya sent a group of soldiers to arrest the accused without verifying the truth or falsity of the wakhirai thakurs allegatios. When the Raj Army raided to the Udaipur Jamatia village and arrested some people named by wakhirai thakurs, through which among Jamatia people a great response was created in the congregation. When the army finally arrested the samajpati (social worker) Parikshit Jamatia, the youth of the Jamatia proceeded to resist. They took away the weapons of the Raj soldiers and launched a counter attack. Defeated, the soldiers returned to the capital with their lives. This incident created deep-rooted belief in the Maharaja about wakhirai thakurs allegations. The Maharaja sent a larger army to quell/suppress the Jamatias. But by then the situation became out of control. The clashed happen between Jamatia youths with the Maharaja army where the king’s army was defeated by this clashed. Most of the army members were killed while some were run away and defend their life.

Maharaja Birchandra Manikya felt disturbed by this incident. Then again he sent a lot of

weapons in the hand of violent Kuki soldiers to suppress the rebellion of the Jamatias. Jamatia youths were defeated in this clash because they don’t have many weapons as compare to Kuki soldiers. When the Kuki soldiers brought more than two hundred Jamatias head pieces to the capital as a display of their bravery, the head pieces were placed on the bamboo groves on either side of the Raj path to announce the outcome of the Raj rebels. At that time the district magistrate (Mr.Mangar Saheb) of Tripura at Agartala took a look the entire scene. He mentioned the incident in his report- The heads of these (Jamatias) were cut out and are now hanging up in terrorism at Agartala.

Kukis soldiers have captured a number of rebels, including rebel leader Parikshit Jamatia. They were judged in the Royel court. There is evidence that Parikshit rebellion was not really against the monarchy/kingdom. They were against the injustice and oppression of the royal

servants/employee. Parikshit and others were pardoned on the royal court. In this, the hero of that rebellion was Parikshit Jamatia. The late Kanai Nanda Jamatia from Hodrai kami (village), Udaipur said that it was the ruthlessness and cruelty of the royal power suppressed this revolt, the entire Jamatia was very sad and insulted, decided to move on the towards Dhaka. They were decided to go there and earn money as a wages for living. After hearing this news, Maharaja Birchardra Manikya immediately sent people and brought them back with many pleas. It was noted that Maharaja Birchardra Manikya is the youngest son of Maharani Sudakshina Jamatia. Maharani Sudakshina was a daughter of Jamatia community. So in order to hurt and humiliate his uncle’s descendants, the Maharaja brought the Brahmins of Mithila and gave them Mantra Diksha and also gave them the status of superior cast. Due to the new arrangements, people of Jamatia also get mentally comfort and returned as well as obey the king. In the end, King and kings people (all indigeneous) were start living happily in their own princely state/country.


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